文化使命

Al Ngu,22 年 1 月 13 日,奥兰多

信仰与工作课的文化使命对我来说非常神奇和新鲜。那么什么是文化使命?它出现在创世记 1:27-28 (ESV)

27 于是神照着自己的形象造人,照着上帝的形象造人;他创造了男性和女性。 28 神祝福他们。神对他们说:“要生养众多,遍满大地,治理大地,管理海里的鱼,天上的鸟,和地上一切活动的生物。”

神吩咐亚当和夏娃去,生养众多,遍满大地,治理大地,管理海里的鱼和飞鸟……以及地上一切活动的东西。现在我们需要抓住本质上的两个重要词是:

“制服它!并拥有统治权”

文化使命由此而来,是一个大胆的举动,叫做征服世界,统治世界。这是一个如此大胆的举动,只有上帝才能称之为。因为害怕报复而说这些话甚至在政治上都不正确。然而事实是,上帝想要让一切都变得新的。作为文化使命,这是对它的统治的一部分。

你看大多数基督徒认为我们真的只是放大了大使命。马太福音 28 马太福音 28:18-20 (ESV)

18 耶稣进前来对他们说:“天上地下所有的权柄都赐给我了。 19 所以你们要去,使万民作我的门徒,奉父子圣灵的名给他们施洗, 20 教导他们遵守我所吩咐你们的一切。看哪,我一直与你同在,直到时代结束。”

所以这绝对是第一!但问题是:大使命是否包括文化更新?包括让一切都焕然一新?包括恢复上帝的形象?因为在伊甸园中,在堕落之前,上帝要求人类耕种园子,一切都井井有条。请记住,在以赛亚书中,甚至狮子和绵羊都躺在一起等,这是完美和谐的隐喻画面。那么基督的救赎包括整个受造之物的救赎吗?

你在这里看到:创世纪 3:17(NASB 2020)。 17 他对亚当说:“因为你听了你妻子的声音,吃了我吩咐你的那棵树上的果子,说‘不可吃’;地因你而受咒诅;用辛劳的劳动,你将终生吃它。

创造因亚当的罪而受到诅咒。亚当落入上帝的审判中,整个世界的创造也落入了。整个大地都被诅咒了。因为它被诅咒了。

罗马书 8:20-23 (ESV)

20 因为受造物受制于徒劳,不是自愿的,而是因为受制于它的人,希望 21 受造物本身摆脱腐败的束缚,获得上帝儿女荣耀的自由。 22 因为我们知道,直到现在,整个受造之物一直在分娩的痛苦中一起呻吟。 23不仅受造物,而且我们自己拥有圣灵初熟的果子,在我们热切地等待被收为儿子的时候,我们自己也在内心呻吟,等待我们的身体得到救赎。

这就是为什么罗马书 8 章说创造是徒劳的。如何?由谁?老天为证!因为亚当得罪了上帝,作为所有受造物的代表联邦元首,整个受造物,包括树木、草、海洋、山脉、我们的办公室人员、我们的政府、学校、大学等,都与亚当一起堕落。因此,罗马书八章说,受造之物是盼望摆脱败坏的束缚,获得神儿女荣耀的自由。你看第 22 节说整个受造物一直在呻吟直到现在!!哇,整个世界都在呻吟,不仅仅是人类。人缘好,生活好,不知道自己内心在呻吟,直到遇到生活中的一些问题。但现实是整个世界都在呻吟。

呻吟!我们自己是圣灵的第一个果子,当我们热切地等待被接纳为上帝的儿子,我们的身体得到救赎时,我们自己也在内心叹息。我们的身体虚弱,有的生病,有的虚弱,随着年龄的增长,我们面临的问题也越来越多。

所有这些都表明我们的身体在呻吟,整个受造物也在呻吟。不仅我们的身体在呻吟,整个宇宙,我们生活的社会,城市,文明都在呻吟,因为我们只需要阅读新闻,它们每天都在发生,我们社会的破碎。

因此,上帝在基督里的救赎,不仅包括灵魂的属灵救赎,也就是对那些相信基督的人的救赎和拯救。这意味着,当基督再来时,它不仅仅是救恩,而且还使全世界所有受造物从束缚中解放出来。

但是现在,我们在基督耶稣里对世界的事工,必须是所有创造物的更新,这意味着我们的工作、办公室、每一个假期,比如卫生工作者、牙医、医生、会计师、教师、工程师、律师等等。 ……虽然他们不直接从事救赎灵魂的事工,但在他们的生活中、工作中、森林中,以及神原初的形像中,也有神形像的更新。因为在 Rev 21 中,它说上帝正在使一切都变得新!

启示录 21:3-5 3 我听见宝座上有响亮的声音说:“看哪,神的帐幕在百姓中间,祂要住在他们中间,他们要作祂的子民,而神要亲自作在他们中间, 4 他要擦去他们一切的眼泪;不再有死亡;不再有悲哀、哭泣、痛苦;第一件事已经过去了。” 5 坐宝座的说:“看哪,我将一切都更新了。”他说:“写下来,因为这些话是真实的。”

这对我们教会圣召的人意味着什么?他们需要带着这样认识神呼召万物更新的知识被派出去,做文化更新的工作,带着这份关心和爱,完成文化更新,恢复神的形像。世界上的人们可能会质疑是什么让我们的世界变得如此不同。

这真的是巴文克所说的,它是利用自然来实现超自然的变化。当我们进行文化更新,更新上帝的形象时,这都是大使命的一部分。

Cultural Mandate

Al Ngu,  1/13/22,   Orlando

The cultural mandate from the Faith and Works class is pretty amazing and new to me. So what’s is the Cultural Mandate? It is found in Genesis 1:27–28 (ESV)

27    So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. 28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

God told Adam and Eve to go and be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds…and over everything that moves on the earth. Now the two big words here we need to capture in its essence are:

“Subdue it! And Have dominion over”

Cultural mandate from here is the bold move called subdue the world, and have dominion over it. That’s such a bold move and only God can call it. It won’t be even politically correct to say those words for fear of retaliation. However the fact of the matter is that God wants to make everything new. And that’s part of the dominion over it, as cultural mandate.

You see most Christians think we are really only zoomed in on the Great Commissioning. Matt 28 Matthew 28:18–20 (ESV)

18 And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

So this is absolutely number one! But the question is: does the Great commission include the cultural renewal? Includes the make everything new? Includes the restoring the image of God? Because in the Garden of Eden, before the fall, man was asked by God to till the garden, and everything was in perfect harmonious order. Remember in the book of Isaiah, even lions and sheep lie together etc., a metaphoric picture of the perfect harmony. Then the redemption of Christ includes the redemption of whole creation?

You see here that : Genesis 3:17 (NASB 2020). 17 Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’; Cursed is the ground because of you; With hard labor you shall eat from it All the days of your life.

Creation has been cursed because the sin of Adam. Adam fell into the judgement of God, and the whole creation of the world did too. The whole ground has been cursed. Because it has been cursed.

Romans 8:20–23 (ESV)

20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the first fruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.

Now that’s why Romans 8 here says the creation is subjected to futility. How? By who? By God! Because Adam sinned against God, as the representative federal head of all creation, the entire creation meaning trees, grass, oceans, mountains, our office people, our governments, schools, universities etc. have all fallen together with Adam. Therefore, Rom 8 says the creation is hoping to be liberated firm its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. You see v 22 says the whole creation has been groaning until now!! Wow, the entire world has been groaning, not only humans. People living in good fortune and good life, don’t even know that they are groaning internally until they hit some problems in life. But the reality is the whole world is groaning.

Groaning! We ourselves, who are the first fruit of the Spirit, also groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons of God, the redemption of our bodies. Our bodies are weak, some are sick, some are weak, and as age, the more problems we face.

All these point to the fact that our bodies are groaning, the entire creation are also in groaning. And not only our bodies are groaning, the entire cosmos, the society we live in, the cities, the civilization are all groaning as we only need to read the news, they happen daily, the brokenness of our society.

Therefore the redemption of God in Christ, will have to include more than the spiritual redemption of souls, i.e. redemption and salvation for those who put their faith in Christ. That means, its more than salvation, but also liberation from the bondage for all creation throughout the world when Christ returns.

But right now, our ministry to the world in Christ Jesus, will have to be the renewal of all creation which means our jobs, offices, every vacation like sanitary workers, dentists, doctors, accountant, teachers, engineers, lawyers, etc. etc. Even though they are not directly in the ministry of redemption of souls, there is also the counterpart called renewal of the image of God in their lives, in the work, in the forests, and whatever to the original image of God. Because in Rev 21, it says that God is making everything new!

Revelation 21:3–5 3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne, saying, “Behold, the tabernacle of God is among the people, and He will dwell among them, and they shall be His people, and God Himself will be among them, 4 and He will wipe away every tear from their eyes; and there will no longer be any death; there will no longer be any mourning, or crying, or pain; the first things have passed away.” And He who sits on the throne said, “Behold, I am making all things new.” And He said, “Write, for these words are faithful and true.”

What would that mean in our church vocation folks? They need to be sent out with such knowledge of God’s calling for renewal of all things, and do the work of cultural renewal, and with that care and love, and that’s fulfilling the cultural renewal, restoring to the image of God. People in the world may question what’s in us that is making such difference in the world.

It’s really what Bavinck says it’s the using the natural achieving the supernatural changes.  When we do the cultural renewal, renewal to the image of God, it’s all part of the Great Commission.

创世记中希伯来语中的“女人”一词

创世记中希伯来语中的“女人”一词

据说有一个自由派基督教播客试图将创世记 2 中“女人”这个词的希伯来语单词转换为人类,无论是男人还是女人。换句话说,其中一个以 LBGT 的身份出现,他们来自德克萨斯州的一个教堂,并试图将性行为恢复为非性别。所以我拿出我的希伯来语标志来检查一下!所以伙计们,你知道我们知道一些希伯来语是多么重要。刚刚完成了我的希伯来语 1 & 2 和 Exegesis。

标志软件

创世记 2:21-23(NASB 2020)
21 于是主神使那人沉睡,他就睡了。然后他取下他的一根肋骨,把那里的肉合上。 22 主神就用那人身上所取的肋骨,将她塑造成一个女人,带她到那人面前。 23 那人说:
“这终于是我骨中之骨,
还有我肉中的肉;
她将被称为“女人”,
因为她是从男人身上取出来的。”

女士
אִשָּׁה (775 ×), Josephus Ant. i:2 εσσα, Jerome (h)issa (Sperber 210); MHb。,Ug。 aṯt,Ph. אשׁת,也pl。 (弗里德里希第 240、6 条;第 241、6 条);阿克。 ašatu, pl. aššāti, 也是 iššu AHw。 399;手臂。 → 酒吧。 אנתה,DISO 26;套利。 ʾunṯā 女性,Eth。 ʾanest, 虎。白371b;女人(通常是 coll.),OSarb。 ʾnṯt;考虑到 Ug。手臂。 OSARb。和阿尔布。 ṯ 与 אִישׁ 和 אֱנוֹשׁ 无关; pl。 נָשִׁים,臂。 נְשִׁין (→ BArm.), Arb. nisāʾ, niswat, niswān, 基本形式 nis- (BL 617g): sg. CS。 אֵשֶׁת (< *ʾišt < *ʾiššt), Sam.M46 iššat, (Dt 25:11) ?作为腹肌。 Dt 21:11 和 1S 28:7(Brockelmann Heb. Syn. §70d)和 Ps 58:9(对于 cj. v.i.)†; אִשְׁתִּי等, אֶשְׁתְּךָ Ps 128:3 (BL 207 l) †; pl。 אִשֹּׁת נָשִׁים Ezk 23:44(如 Akk.;→ Zimmerli 535f)女人,费米纳::אִישׁGN 2:23(解释),אֹרַחכַֹּנָּשִׁים妇女的GN 18时11分,תַּמְרוּקֵי预估2:12בֵּיתהַנָּ’哈伦和שֹׁמֵר哈伦的הַנָּ’门将预估2的方式הַנָּשִׁים妇女习惯按摩后:3;经常与同位אִשָּׁהאַלְמָנָה1K 7:14,אִ’זוֹנָה何2:1(::→אֵשֶׁתזְנוּנִים何1:2),אִ’נְבִיאָה鞠4:4,אִ’פִילֶגֶשׁ19:1; יְלוּד אִ׳ 为女人所生(GK §119e)Jb 14:1 15:14 25:4 †; (懦弱)男人称为女人 赛 19:16 Nah 3:13; ——2。妻子: אִ׳ Qoh 9:9 (无艺术., → Dahood Qoh. 43) נָתַן לְאִ׳作为妻子献上 Gn 30:4, אֵשֶׁת אִישׁ Pr 6:26, אִישׁ Pr 6:אּ׳אאא׳ו Lv 18:11;妃嫔 30:4,寡妇 1S 30:5,新娘 29:21; ——3。雌性动物 Gn 7:2 Ezk 1 9; ——4。每出 3:22 Am 4:3 Ru 1:8,→ אָחוֹת 和 רְעוּת;出 26:3, 5f; ——诗篇 58:9 cj。 → אֲשֻׁת 鼹鼠。
Koehler, L.、Baumgartner, W.、Richardson, M. E. J. 和 Stamm, J. J. (1994–2000)。旧约希伯来语和亚拉姆语词典(电子版,第 93 页)。莱顿:E.J.布里尔。

◄ 802.ishshah ►

强的一致性
ishshah:女人,妻子,女性
原词:אִשָּׁה
词性:名词女性
音译:伊什沙
拼音:(ish-shaw’)
定义:女人,妻子,女性
NAS 详尽索引
词源
来自一个未使用的词
定义
女人, 妻子, 女性
NASB 翻译
淫妇(2),任何女人(1),生育(1),每个(3),每个(1),每个女人(1),每个(1),每个(1),女性(3),女孩* (1), 后宫* (5), 妓女* (2), 妓女* (3), 结婚 (9), 已婚 (3), 已婚* (6), 已婚* (3), 无* (1) ), 一 (8), 寡妇 (7), 妻子 (274), 妻子和他的妻子 (2), 妻子和妻子 (1), 妻子或女人 (1), 妻子 (8), 妻子 (100) ,女人(203),妻子的女人(1),女人的(6),女人(104),作为妻子的女人(1)。
Brown-Driver-Briggs
אִשָּׁה775名女性女性,妻子,女性(阿拉伯语,Sabeanאנתֿת等DHMZK 1884年,360,阿拉姆אִתְּתָא,אִנְתְּתָא,אִתָּא,Palmyrene,纳巴泰אנתתא,埃塞俄比亚腓尼基אשת,亚述aššatuCOTGloss) – ‘א绝对创世纪2:33 + ;构造 אֵשֶׁת 创世记 11:29 +(显然是绝对的申命记 21:11;1 Samuel 28:7;诗篇 58:9 但比较 Bö§ 728 Ges§ 130. 5);后缀 אִשְׁתִּי 创世记 20:11 +; אִשְׁתְּךָ 创世记12:18+(אֶשְׁתְּךָ诗篇128:3)等;复数 אִשֹּׁת 以西结书 23:44 (Co לעשׂות); נָשִׁים 创世记 4:19 +;构造 נְשֵׁי 创世纪 4:23 +;后缀 נָשַׁי 创世记 30:26; 1 国王 20:7; נְשֵׁיכֶם 出埃及记 22:23 + 等; —
https://biblehub.com/hebrew/802.htm

橄榄树

女人(希伯来语。ʾiššâ,Gk。gynē)。 “按照上帝的形象”创造的男女的共同人性和平等价值是 Gn 的主题。 1:27。互补性和彼此之间的不完整性是 Gn 的主题。 2:20,女人被创造为男人的助手或伙伴。 (*前夕)。 Gn。 3:16 谈到在一个罪恶的世界里男女之间依赖和支配的痛苦。
一夫一妻制是旧约的理想,但广泛存在的一夫多妻制在法律中得到了规范而不是谴责。父母身份受到高度重视。圣经叙述中的女性主要在一个家庭中运作,为孩子命名并负责他们的早期教育。母亲应该受到尊重(出埃及记 20:12)、敬畏(Lv. 19:3)和服从(Dt. 21:18ff)。男性负责并保护女性家庭成员,但如果没有男性继承人,女性可以独立继承土地(民 27:1-8)。

按照

女人 H0802 אִשָּׁה, נָשִׁים

[分析]
女人 (380x) H0802 (765x)

[科伦伯格/穆斯希伯来语]
gk H851 | s H802 אִשָּׁה ʾišāh 781x
n.f. [408; 10493]。女人,与男人相反;妻子,与丈夫相反; “娶一个女人”就是“结婚”的意思。 → 妻子;女士。
☞ niv | esv | csb |新闻中心 | jps | nkjv | kjv

[伊斯顿圣经词典]
女人:是“从男人身上取出来的”(创世记 2:23),因此男人居首位。 “女人的头是男人;”但尊重妻子,“如同尊重软弱的器皿”(1 Cor. 11:3, 8, 9; 1 Pet. 3:7)。圣经中提到有几位妇女被赋予了先知的恩赐,如米利暗(出埃及记 15:20)、底波拉(士师记 4:4、5)、户大(2 Kings 22:14)、诺亚底亚(尼 6: 14)、安娜(路加福音 2:36、37)和传道者腓力的女儿们(使徒行传 21:8、9)。禁止妇女公开教导(1 Cor. 14:34, 35; 1 Tim. 2:11, 12)。在希伯来人中,妇女负责为家庭准备饭菜(创世纪 18:6;2 Sam. 13:8),负责纺纱工作(出 35:26;箴 31:19),做衣服(撒上 2:19;箴 31:21),从井里打水(创 24:15;撒上 9:11),并照顾羊群(创 29: 6;出 2:16)。

“女人”这个词,用在马特身上。 15:28、约翰福音 2:4 和 20:13、15 暗示温柔和礼貌,而不是不尊重。只有在知道启示的地方,女人才被赋予她应有的荣誉地位。

结论

女人意味着女性和女人,对男人来说是免费的。

The Word “Woman” in Hebrew in Genesis

Supposedly there is a liberal Christian podcast trying to cast the Hebrew word of the word “Woman” in Genesis 2 meaning mankind, either man or woman. So there is no confusion on the sexuality of God’s creation. So I pulled up my Hebrew Logos to check it out! So guys, you see how important we know some Hebrew. Just done my Hebrew 1 & 2 and Exegesis.

Logos Software


Genesis 2:21–23 (NASB 2020)

21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and he slept; then He took one of his ribs and closed up the flesh at that place. 22 And the Lord God fashioned into a woman the rib which He had taken from the man, and brought her to the man. 23 Then the man said, “At last this is bone of my bones, And flesh of my flesh; She shall be called ‘woman,’ Because she was taken out of man.”

Woman

אִשָּׁה (775 ×), Josephus Ant. i:2 εσσα, Jerome (h)issa (Sperber 210); MHb., Ug. aṯt, Ph. אשׁת, also pl. (Friedrich §240, 6; §241, 6); Akk. aššatu, pl. aššāti, also iššu AHw. 399; Arm. → BArm. אנתה, DISO 26; Arb. ʾunṯā female, Eth. ʾanest, Tigr. Wb. 371b; woman (usually coll.), OSArb. ʾnṯt; considering the Ug. Arm. OSArb. and Arb.  not to be connected with אִישׁ and אֱנוֹשׁ; pl. נָשִׁים, Arm. נְשִׁין (→ BArm.), Arb. nisāʾ, niswat, niswān, basic form nis (BL 617g): sg. cs. אֵשֶׁת (< *ʾišt < *ʾiššt), Sam.M46 iššat, (Dt 25:11) ? as abs. Dt 21:11 and 1S 28:7 (Brockelmann Heb. Syn. §70d) and Ps 58:9 (for cj. v.i.) †; אִשְׁתִּי etc., אֶשְׁתְּךָ Ps 128:3 (BL 207 l) †; pl. אִשֹּׁת נָשִׁים Ezk 23:44 (as Akk.; → Zimmerli 535f) נְשֵׁי, נָשַׁי/שֵׁינוּ, נְשֵׁיהֶם: —1. womanfemina :: אִישׁ Gn 2:23 (explanation), אֹרַח כַֹּנָּשִׁים after the manner of women Gn 18:11, תַּמְרוּקֵי הַנָּשִׁים customary massage for women Est 2:12 בֵּית הַנָּ׳ harem and שֹׁמֵר הַנָּ׳ keeper of the harem Est 2:3; frequently with apposition אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה 1K 7:14, אִ׳ זוֹנָה Jos 2:1 (:: → אֵשֶׁת זְנוּנִים Hos 1:2), אִ׳ נְבִיאָה Ju 4:4, אִ׳ פִילֶגֶשׁ 19:1; יְלוּד אִ׳ born of a woman (GK §119e) Jb 14:1 15:14 25:4 †; (cowardly) men called women Is 19:16 Nah 3:13; —2. wife: אִ׳ Qoh 9:9 (without art., → Dahood Qoh. 43) נָתַן לְאִ׳ give as a wife Gn 30:4, אֵשֶׁת אִישׁ Pr 6:26, אֵ׳ רֵעֵהוּ Jr 5:8, אֵ׳ אָב stepmother Lv 18:11; concubine Gn 30:4, widow 1S 30:5, bride Gn 29:21; —3. female animal Gn 7:2 Ezk 1 9; —4. each Ex 3:22 Am 4:3 Ru 1:8, → אָחוֹת and רְעוּת; said of things Ex 26:3, 5f; —Ps 58:9 cj. → אֲשֻׁת mole.

 Koehler, L., Baumgartner, W., Richardson, M. E. J., & Stamm, J. J. (1994–2000). The Hebrew and Aramaic lexicon of the Old Testament (electronic ed., p. 93). Leiden: E.J. Brill.

             802. ishshah 
Strong’s Concordance ishshah: woman, wife, female Original Word: אִשָּׁה
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: ishshah
Phonetic Spelling: (ish-shaw’)
Definition: woman, wife, female NAS Exhaustive Concordance Word Origin
from an unused word
Definition
woman, wife, female
NASB Translation
adulteress* (2), any woman (1), childbearing* (1), each (3), each one (1), each woman (1), every (1), everyone (1), female (3), girls* (1), harem* (5), harlot’s* (2), harlot* (3), marriage (9), married (3), married* (6), marry* (3), none* (1), one (8), widow (7), wife (274), wife and his wives (2), wife and the wives (1), wife or a woman (1), wife’s (8), wives (100), woman (203), woman of the wives (1), woman’s (6), women (104), women as wives (1). https://biblehub.com/nasec.htm Brown-Driver-Briggs אִשָּׁה775 noun feminine woman, wife, female (Arabic , Sabean אנתֿת etc. DHMZK 1884, 360, Aramaic אִתְּתָא, אִנְתְּתָא, אִתָּא, , Palmyrene, Nabataean אנתתא, Ethiopic  Phoenician אשת, Assyrian aššatu COTGloss) — ׳א absolute Genesis 2:33 +; construct אֵשֶׁת Genesis 11:29 + (apparently absolute Deuteronomy 21:111 Samuel 28:7Psalm 58:9 but compare Bö§ 728 Ges§ 130. 5); suffix אִשְׁתִּי Genesis 20:11 +; אִשְׁתְּךָ Genesis 12:18 + (אֶשְׁתְּךָ Psalm 128:3), etc.; Plural אִשֹּׁת Ezekiel 23:44 (Co לעשׂות); נָשִׁים Genesis 4:19 +; construct נְשֵׁי Genesis 4:23 +; suffix נָשַׁי Genesis 30:261 Kings 20:7; נְשֵׁיכֶם Exodus 22:23 +, etc.; —

https://biblehub.com/hebrew/802.htm

Olive Tree  

WOMAN(Heb. ʾiššâ, Gk. gynē). The common humanity and equal value of woman and man, created ‘in the image of God’, is a theme of Gn. 1:27. Complementarity and the incompleteness of each without the other is a theme of Gn. 2:20, where woman is created to be man’s helper or partner. (*Eve). Gn. 3:16 speaks of the pain of dependence and domination between women and men in a sinful world.

Monogamy was the OT ideal, but widespread polygamy was regulated rather than condemned in the Law. Parenthood was highly prized. Women in biblical narratives mainly operate within a household, naming the children and being responsible for their early education. Mothers were to be honoured (Ex. 20:12), feared (Lv. 19:3) and obeyed (Dt. 21:18ff). Men took responsibility for and protected women family members but, if there were no male heirs, a woman could independently inherit land (Nu. 27:1–8).

Accordance

woman  H0802  אִשָּׁה, נָשִׁים  

—–

[Analytics]

woman (380x)  H0802 (765x)

[Kohlenberger/Mounce Hebrew]

gk H851 | s H802   אִשָּׁה   ʾišāh   781x

n.f. [408; 10493]. woman, in contrast to man; wife, in contrast to husband; “to take a woman” means “to marry”. → wife; woman.

☞  niv | esv | csb | nrsv | jps | nkjv | kjv

[Easton’s Bible Dictionary]

Woman: was “taken out of man” (Gen. 2:23), and therefore the man has the preeminence. “The head of the woman is the man;” but yet honour is to be shown to the wife, “as unto the weaker vessel” (1 Cor. 11:3, 8, 9; 1 Pet. 3:7). Several women are mentioned in Scripture as having been endowed with prophetic gifts, as Miriam (Ex. 15:20), Deborah (Judg. 4:4, 5), Huldah (2 Kings 22:14), Noadiah (Neh. 6:14), Anna (Luke 2:36, 37), and the daughters of Philip the evangelist (Acts 21:8, 9). Women are forbidden to teach publicly (1 Cor. 14:34, 35; 1 Tim. 2:11, 12). Among the Hebrews it devolved upon women to prepare the meals for the household (Gen. 18:6; 2 Sam. 13:8), to attend to the work of spinning (Ex. 35:26; Prov. 31:19), and making clothes (1 Sam. 2:19; Prov. 31:21), to bring water from the well (Gen. 24:15; 1 Sam. 9:11), and to care for the flocks (Gen. 29:6; Ex. 2:16).

The word “woman,” as used in Matt. 15:28, John 2:4 and 20:13, 15, implies tenderness and courtesy and not disrespect. Only where revelation is known has woman her due place of honour assigned to her.

Conclusion

Woman means female and woman, complimentary to man.

受圣灵的洗


使徒行传 1:4-5 (ESV)
4 和他们在一起时,他命令他们不要离开耶路撒冷,而要等候父的应许,他说:“你们从我这里听到了; 5 因为约翰是用水施洗的,但不多几日,你们要受圣灵的洗。”

就在耶稣升天前不久,祂告诫门徒要等候父的应许,受圣灵的洗。这是两次洗礼的关键标志,一个是水的洗礼,另一个是圣灵的洗礼。

但这太混乱了,什么是圣灵的洗。我的一位教授比尔争论说,因为还没有给予圣灵,因此这种情况发生了两次,但是在圣灵倾倒之后,​​当一个人被转换时,我们就有了一个组合。我倾向于同意,这是有道理的。

另一位教授说:“我在这里接受圣灵的洗是指五旬节那天,使徒们被圣灵赋予能力,可以向万民传福音。保罗在哥林多前书 12:13 中谈到了这一点,当时他说到所有基督徒(不是一些!)都被赋予权力或装备在教会内进行事工。我不认为这是第二次祝福,或对圣灵的某种独特体验。我认为这是指每个基督徒在成为基督徒的那一刻发生的事情(即通过圣灵和通过信仰与基督联合)。

1 哥林多前书 12:. 13 因为在一个灵里,我们都受洗归入一个身体——犹太人或希腊人,奴隶或自由人——并且所有人都喝了一个灵。

在一个灵里,我们都受洗成为一个身体。我同意。

但是使徒行传 19 章保罗对门徒的处理引发了很多问题:

使徒行传 19:1-7(ESV)
19 亚波罗在哥林多的时候,保罗经过内陆,来到以弗所。在那里,他找到了一些弟子。 2 耶稣对他们说:“你们信的时候受了圣灵吗?”他们说:“没有,我们甚至没有听说有圣灵存在。” 3 他说:“那你受洗归于什么?”他们说:“接受约翰的洗礼。” 4 保罗说:“约翰用悔改的洗礼施洗,吩咐人要相信那要跟从他的,就是耶稣。” 5 他们听了,就奉主耶稣的名受洗了。 6 保罗按手在他们身上,圣灵就降在他们身上,他们就开始说方言和说预言。 7 总共约有十二个人。

保罗找到了一些门徒。他们是基督的信徒,甚至是门徒。

然后有趣的是保罗问他们第一个问题“你们信的时候受了圣灵吗?”当保罗这样问时,它暗示一个人可以不接受圣灵而相信。 (我认为这是圣灵的洗礼。没有办法,当一个人相信耶稣时,一个人不会接受圣灵。此外,下一个问题是要说明的)。

当门徒说没有时,他们甚至没有听说有圣灵。保罗问:“那你受洗归于什么?”然后他们奉主耶稣的名受洗。现在这在五旬节之后很好,当时圣灵被赐予了世界。

门徒说他们受了约翰的洗。在今天的语言中,它的意思是水,但他们没有受洗归入耶稣的名。直到那时保罗才奉耶稣基督的其他名给他们施洗!但那是他们皈依后的单独经历,坦率地说,这就是我们所说的水洗礼。因为我们受洗归入耶稣的名。我很惊讶那些门徒受洗的是约翰的洗礼,而不是耶稣的名??那是在耶稣复活和五旬节之后!嗯,教义很重要!

v6 是灵恩恩赐,保罗按手在他们身上,圣灵降临在他们身上,他们说方言。我相信并且可以接受它的两个不同的不同过程。

如果我们得出结论:当一个人相信耶稣基督并接受他时,他是在圣灵里受洗吗?但是为什么保罗问他们,你信的时候有没有受圣灵呢?

但是,送礼的操作需要单独的按手。下面列出的属灵恩赐,如智慧的说出、医治、神迹、预言、辨别灵、方言……都是有效的,我认为它们不必与“受圣灵的洗”这个词联系在一起就可以拥有这些礼物。

1 哥林多前书 12:1-11 (ESV)
弟兄们,关于属灵的恩赐,我不想你们不知道……
4 恩赐有多种,圣灵却是一样的; 5 事奉有多种,主是同一个; 6 活动有很多种,但在每个人身上赋予它们力量的是同一个上帝。 7 为了共同的利益,每个人都得到了圣灵的彰显。 8 因为借着圣灵,将智慧的话语赐给另一个人,而照着同一个圣灵,将知识的话语赐给另一个人, 9 借着同一个圣灵,赐予另一个信仰,赐予另一个恩赐

Baptism with the Holy Spirit

Al Ngu,    Dec 10, 2012

Acts 1:4–5 (ESV)

And while staying with them he ordered them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the promise of the Father, which, he said, “you heard from me; for John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now.”

Just moments before Jesus’ ascension to heaven, He exhorted his disciples to wait for the promise of the Father, to be baptized with the Holy Spirit. That’s key mark of two baptisms, one is water baptism , and the other Spirit baptism.

But this is so confusing, what’s baptism with the Holy Spirit. One of my prof Bill argued because the Spirit was not given yet, therefore this happens twice, but after the Spirit had been poured out, then we have one combo when one is converted. I tend to agree and that makes sense.

Another prof, “I take the baptism of the Spirit here to refer to the day of Pentecost, when the apostles are empowered by the Spirit to preach the gospel to all nations. Paul speaks of this in 1 Cor 12:13, when he speaks of all Christians (not some!) being empowered or equipped for ministry within the church. I don’t take it to be a second blessing, or some kind of distinct experience of the Spirit. I take it to refer to what happens to every Christian at the moment that they become a Christian (i.e., are united to Christ by the Spirit and through faith).

1 Corinthians 12:. 13 For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.

In one Spirit, we were ALL baptized into one body. I agree.

But what Acts 19 in what Paul dealt with the disciples raised a lot of questions:

Acts 19:1–7 (ESV)

19 And it happened that while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul passed through the inland country and came to Ephesus. There he found some disciples. And he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” And they said, “No, we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.” And he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” They said, “Into John’s baptism.” And Paul said, “John baptized with the baptism of repentance, telling the people to believe in the one who was to come after him, that is, Jesus.” On hearing this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. And when Paul had laid his hands on them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking in tongues and prophesying. There were about twelve men in all.

Paul found some DISCIPLES. They are believers in Christ, and even disciples.

Then interestingly Paul asked them the first question “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” When Paul asked that, it implies one can believe without receiving the Holy Spirit. (I would argue that’s baptism of the Holy Spirit. There is no way, one does not receive the Holy Spirit when one believes in Jesus. Besides, the next question is telling).

When the disciple said no, they had not even heard there is a Holy Spirit. Then Paul asked, “Into what then were you baptized?” They were then baptized in the Name of the Lord Jesus. Now this is WELL after the Pentecost, when the Spirit was given to the world.

The disciples said they were baptized into John’s baptism. In today’s language, it means water, but they were not baptized into the Name of Jesus. Only then Paul baptized them in other Name of Jesus Christ! But that’s a separate experience after their conversion, and frankly that’s what we call water baptism. Because we are baptized into the Name of Jesus. I am surprised those disciples were baptized in John’s baptism, and not in Jesus Name?? And that’s well after Jesus resurrection and the Pentecost! Well, doctrines matter!

v6 is the charismatic giftings, Paul laid hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them and they spoke in tongues. I believe and can accept its two different distinct processes.

If we conclude: When one believes in Jesus Christ and accepts Him, he is baptized in the Spirit? But why then did Paul ask them did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?

However, the operations of giftings will require a separate laying on of hands. The Spiritual gifts as listed below like utterance of wisdom, healing, miracles, prophecy, distinguishing spirits, tongues…are all valid, and I think they don’t have to be tied into the term “Baptized with the Holy Spirit” to own those gifts.

1 Corinthians 12:1–11 (ESV)

Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be uninformed…

Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same God who empowers them all in everyone. To each is given the manifestation of the Spirit for the common good. For to one is given through the Spirit the utterance of wisdom, and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit, 10 to another the working of miracles, to another prophecy, to another the ability to distinguish between spirits, to another various kinds of tongues, to another the interpretation of tongues. 11 All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills.

不要让世界或教会将耶稣从超自然中降低为自然主义者


不要让世界将耶稣从超自然中降低为自然主义者。这也是魔鬼想要的,通过他们从 1900 年代的欧洲启蒙时期到今天的世俗文化复杂思想家表现出来。它以各种形式出现或抬起丑陋的脑袋,就像圣诞老人一样,就像一个不相信超自然现象的教堂。不得不承认,很多教会都带有一种顺应世界的自然主义者,甚至更直率的魔鬼。


教会没有义务将耶稣的超自然现象归结为自然主义者。他们从哪里获得权力或权威?福音包括超自然的事物。对于任何像保罗一样热情捍卫福音的人,我要补充一点,保罗的福音正是包括超自然的,实际上它定义了他和他的事工。


说上帝的恩赐已经停止,就像是在启蒙时期或宗教改革时期,他们竭尽全力从耶稣身上去除任何超自然的东西。他们说,就像耶稣在水上行走一样,他们以批判性学术的名义将其从福音中剔除。或者他们对整本圣经进行颜色编码,突出显示所有带有显示耶稣超自然行为的经文的段落。在基督再来的末世时代,那可憎之物必将面临神的坚决审判。他们不会侥幸逃脱。欺骗数千或数百万,他们将无法结束。事实上,神甚至在创造这个世界或世界的基础之前就已经知道了。


但是今天呢?许多教会神学说超自然现象已经基本停止。对我和数以百万计的超凡魅力者来说,这听起来正是经院学者对耶稣基督福音所做的!经院学者通过使耶稣人性化而对他所做的,正是一些福音派为使教会人性化所做的!将超自然教会还原为超自然教会的人性化版本。难怪到目前为止,教会发展最快的运动是全球范围内的五旬节派和灵恩派运动,这让知识分子教义丰富的福音派改革世界从背后喘着粗气。


虽然后者沉浸在神学和思想中,并且能够谈论文化、种族主义、上帝的形象、堕落、称义、成圣,但前者对我列出的内容几乎一无所知,但仍然远远超过后者。为什么?不幸的是,这就是神学沉没的地方。人们需要一种易于消化的灵性饮食,以及基督在福音中所行的所有神迹的彰显。他们的教会今天只是在重复基督在超自然方面所做的事情,尽管规模较小,但他们的心跳是朝着正确的方向发展的。


结论是许多福音派世界没有灵恩派所拥有的,而灵恩派则没有改革派所拥有的。我们需要将它们结合起来,你能想象复兴会袭击我们吗??


我什至还没有开始理解它,或者感受它。但我能在我的精神中感受到它。
圣灵降临!


你认识玛丽吗?带来了耶稣医治盲人、扶助瘸子、为受压迫者带来欢乐的一些美丽而强大的奇迹。所有这些都是行动。


去听一听并观看视频。它的史诗。


等待我的书“圣灵与改革宗神学的一致性力量”。


我的讲道与此相关:


阿门

Don’t let the world or the church reduce Jesus to be naturalist from supernatural

Don’t let the world reduce Jesus to be naturalist from supernatural. That’s what the devil wants to as well, manifested through their worldly engaging cultural sophisticated thinkers coming down from the European Enlighten period of 1900’s till today. It emerges or rears its ugly head in various forms, like majoring in social justice, Santa clause, being culturally engaged and whatever that will captivate you, except the supernatural. This is whats called being a naturalist Church! Bringing the supernatural transcendent God into a mere mortal man naturalist mindset. Sad. l have to admit, many churches carries a form of naturalist in conformity to the world or even blunter, the devil.

The church has no business in reducing the supernatural of Jesus to the naturalist. Where do they get the power or authority to do that ??? In whose name?

Gospel is supernatural. For anyone passionately defending the gospel like Paul did, I would add that, Paul’s gospel precisely includes the supernatural, and in fact it defines him and his ministry.

To say the gifts of God has ceased, is like saying only second to those time of enlightenment, or scholastics period of reformation, who did everything to remove anything supernatural from Jesus. We will leave it to another big discussion on cessationist and continuaist camps.

However, the enlightenment scholastics theologians postulate that , for example, when Jesus walked on water, it was only an optical illusion, in the name of critical scholarship, they said. Or they color code the entire bible, highlighting all the passages that carries verses showing supernatural works of Jesus, and remove them from the Bible accordingly. That abomination will definitely be facing a resolute judgement from God in the eschatological age when Christ returns in no uncertain terms! They will not get away with that. Deceiving thousands or millions, they will not be able to call it a day. In fact, God already knew even before the creation of this world, or the foundation of the world.

But what about today? Many churches theology has said that the supernatural has essentially ceased. To me and millions of charismatics, that sounds akin to what the critical scholastics have done to the gospel of Jesus Christ! What the scholastics did to Jesus by humanizing him, is exactly what some evangelicals have done to naturalizing the church! Reducing the supernatural church to a naturalist version of the supernatural church. No wonder the fastest church growing movement, by far, is the Pentecostal and charismatic movement round the globe, leaving the intellectual doctrinal rich evangelical reformed world panting in breath from behind.

While the latter basks in theology and thinking, and able to talk with the culture, racism, image of God, depravity, justification, sanctification, the former knows next to nothing of what I listed, and yet continue to far outgrow the latter. Why? That’s where theology gets sunk unfortunately . People needs an easily digestible spiritual diet and the manifestation of all the miracles working Christ in the gospels. Their churches church today simply repeats what Christ has done on the supernatural, albeit to a smaller scale, but their heartbeat in in the right direction.

The conclusion is many in evangelical world doesn’t have what the charismatics have, while the charismatics do not have what the reformed has. We need to combine them both, and can you imagine the revival that’s going to hit us??

I have not even begun to understand it, or feel it. But I can feel it in my spirit.

Come Holy Spirit!

This worship on Did you know Mary? Brings out some beautiful powerful miracles of Jesus healing the blind, raised the cripple, brought joy to the oppressed. All of these are actions.

Go and give it a listen and watch the video. Its epic.

Wait for my book “The Congruent Power of The Spirit & Reformed Theology”.

My sermon related to this:

Amen

Al

When God is your utmost desire

Things will just get better. If it’s not, there will always be something else that bugs you because its craving to get your attention, affection. And if you don’t get that, you lose your pease and joy because that’s what you want, and that you put that thing above God. That’s what Augustine called as “Disordered love”. It is not that you don’t love God, but you love something else more than God in your life at times. At times, you are fine. It’s just something, you need to struggle through. Like career, passion, lust, money etc., definitely something to get right before God. There is no  black and white answer, but it’s a heart condition and leading of the Spirit. That’s why love the Lord with all your HEART, not just mind.

Augustine struggled a lot over his anguish over his struggle over lust for women, to dedication to the Lord. He feels guilty and shamed about himself, and his anguish knows no bound. The intensity of that is pulpable.

If you are not struggling over your love for God or others at all, you probably have not stepped into the meaning of love the Lord with all your heart and mind. Struggle is common and a given in our carnal bodies and mind. Our hearts are depraved, we need the Spirit of God and grace of God working in our lives to deliver us. In fact I would argue that a deeper anguish and struggle in a person’s life over this, is probably a good indication of a deeper work of the Holy Spirit working in his or her life. Because it goes deeper, and hence the deeper struggle. However, a superficial struggle or no struggle at all, worse still, it’s not a good sign, it simply means that you haven’t opened up much tot eh Lord. He is not yet very much Lord over your life, in which case. If so, there is some meditation, retrospection to go through in your life, as we all are , from time to time, I am sure. So no shame, no guilt, but it’s something we need to acquire for sure. It’s for the soul sanity and peace.

All the best, guys. Any question, you can message this post. Also follow my tiktok:

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The Irony of Social Conscience among Christians of different strands in America

We have seen the absolute upheaval of US politics impact upon the evangelical church community. Catholic and Protestants alike are impacted and the call of Christ for the church to respond has manifested , ironically, in very different emphasis.

From racism, social justice to abortion, transgender, sexuality, we have seen a whole host of different responses.

While the Reformed churches have focused on the fight against racism, social justice, more in line with American liberals’ worldview, but the rest of the evangelical community like charismatics and the evangelicals have been on the lone vocal fight against abortion, transgenderism, sexuality LBGT more in line with the Catholics ironically.

There had been an uproar of hands up in the air, when the Trump administration showed racism in name calling of, example, Chinese flu, then China flu, that caused a backlash of racism against Asian Americans community. The uproar is pulpable. This is understandable and it’s a disgrace what we saw some of the racism against the blacks, Asians etc.

However, when we see the abortions pushed by Biden, sexuality transgenderism etc., there had almost been an eerie silence from the same church leaders, scholars that criticized Trump’s acts of racism, narcissism, and women down talking.

Christians are trapped in a tug of war for righteousness and justice divide depending on your denomination or background

Evangelicals and charismatics will fight the sexuality , religious rights , abortion and underaged condoms distribution in schools’ issues vehemently (righteousness), but not much on social justice and racism (justice).

While the reformed fights racism (justice) and a tiny bit abortion.

There you go. Our Christendom dilemma in America.  

We should fight for righteousness and justice together as they are the foundations of our God

Psalm 89: 14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; Mercy and truth go before You.

That’s the Word of God. Christians will have to voice up against all the social, ills of our society to be a hill that shines in this world of darkness. To not to shine, is failure to witness for Christ. Jesus called us to shine in the world. To be in the world, but not of the world. To do anything less than that, is not being a good ambassador for Christ.

Abraham Kuyper will push for all out witnessing for Christ in our secular society. Though many disagree with him exactly how we do that, his famous quote “ Not a square inch of the land is not mine—Christ” is famously quoted all over. Kuyper is really calling for equality sharing of all secular power by all religions as in the Netherlands. This has good and bad. In our US scene, there is clearly a persecution going on in the submerging of our Christian views and ethos, by whoever is in power. Even among Christians, the interpretation of scriptures can be twisted to whatever they hearts crave. For the so called liberals, mostly among the Democrats, their call is very much in line with the liberal values like abortion, women’s rights, anti-racism. You see it’s a mixed bag. Anti-racism can be shared among all Christians with no problem. However, stuff like Critical Race Theory is so controversial that  Christians are split. Even among, theologians themselves. It’s beyond the scope of this article to deal with it.

However, suffice to say that it is time for Christians to unite under the two brands:

“Righteousness” and Justice”, which are the foundation of the Lord our God

Psalm 89: 14 Righteousness and justice are the foundation of Your throne; Mercy and truth go before You.

I believe before we debate anything, let’s do sound exegesis from the scripture texts, not from some philosophy books, articles of the latest days. But let the scriptures of God’s words be our absolute final referee. Every one of us has to submit to the authority of the scriptures, or else there is no church.

There should be no choosing of between righteousness or justice. God is passionate about both, and we likewise will have to follow suit. We want to be the voice of championing for the poor, marginalized, as well as for the people who are created in the image of God in terms of skin color, unborn babies, and the sexuality as all are created by God. Similarly, we will have to do justice based on scripture, and not the latest fad.